What images come to mind when you think of a disaster? Search and rescue teams pulling people from the rubble? Relief camps filled with displaced families receiving aid from international organizations? These are the typical images we see in the media. However, they misrepresent the reality that the vast majority of people are rescued and helped by their fellow community members after a disaster.
Researchers have documented the effectiveness of community voluntary groups that spontaneously self-organize after disasters, noting the need for outside aid providers to not undermine local resilience.
Women are often the architects of community resilience, and empowering women is critical to ensuring that community-led disaster responses are strong and effective.
For example, in pastoral communities of Kenya and Ethiopia, the provision of capacity-building support to women’s savings and loans groups improved livelihood diversification and helped communities better manage the risks associated with the 2005– 08 drought cycle. In Nepal, grassroots women’s organizations are upgrading settlement infrastructure to reduce disaster risks, participating in multistakeholder dialogue and collaborating with the local government.
The resulting credibility has earned women’s organizations public roles in emergency preparedness and seats on committees that allocate resources for disaster risk reduction. These are two examples in a body of mounting evidence that women’s empowerment is key to the resilience that leads to effective local responses to disasters. They also demonstrate the value of recognizing communities not as project beneficiaries but rather as partners who can set priorities, influence policies, and act and react in ways that are responsive to community needs.
This article is featured in the 2018 State of the World's Volunteerism Report, The thread that binds, a United Nations flagship publication that presents new evidence on the role of volunteerism in strengthening community resilience. Visit www.unv.org/swvr